- 1 solutions to the problem of air pollution 1.1 Individual solutions to the problem of air pollution 1.2 collective solutions to the problem of air pollution 1.3 International efforts to reduce the problem of air pollution
- 1.1 Individual solutions to the problem of air pollution
- 1.2 collective solutions to the problem of air pollution
- 1.3 International efforts to reduce the problem of air pollution
- 2 devices used to filter air pollutants
- 3 Video air pollution
- 4 References
Solutions to the problem of air pollution
Air pollution is one of the major problems that threaten human life, in addition to that one of the main causes of many diseases, he is responsible for 9% of all deaths globally, or about 5 million people annually, and concentrated large ones ratio in income countries and low average rates vary from one country to another, and as a result of global efforts to solve the problem of air pollution, it was observed decline in the rate of recorded deaths globally by addressing the problem of indoor air pollution and facilities. 
Individual solutions to the problem of air pollution
Must be made more efforts on many levels to reduce the problem of air pollution, while some of the proposals to do at the individual level to reduce this phenomenon comes:
- The use of public transportation, bike, or walk whenever possible. 
- Purchase of household equipment or office energy-saving, which contain the Energy Star (Energy Star) poster.
- Follow the instructions to re-fill fuel in vehicles; And be careful not to spill fuel out of the slot packing, and seal the filling hole.
- Buy portable gasoline containers resistant to spills if possible.
- The use of natural compost or sawdust.
- Use gas heaters instead of those that rely on the combustion of wood.
- Participation in the programs held by the local authorities concerned with energy conservation. 
- Reduce the number of times the use of the vehicle by purchasing widgets at once.
- Avoid driving at speeds too slow; Because it will consume large amounts of fuel for a certain distance, compared with the same distance cut normal speed.
- Regular maintenance of vehicles, such as: oil and filter change, and make sure inflatable tires are well; To avoid the consumption of more fuel while driving a certain distance can be cut less fuel in the event of the vehicle was maintained well.
- The acquisition of electric or hybrid cars.
- The use of hand tools or electric agriculture that do not depend on fuel.
- Use the washing machine electric clothes when filling up, and the use of washer dishes when filling up Booai cooking; To reduce the number of times of use, and reduce electricity consumption.
- The use of cleaning materials environmentally friendly.
- The use of paints containing a low percentage of volatile organic compounds, or paints water-based solvent instead.
- Advocacy efforts to reduce emissions from power plants, and to support the application of more stringent international standards on emissions from vehicles.
- Encourage research projects funded by the government and based on the development of means of transport powered by electricity to reduce the vehicles that rely on the combustion of fossil fuels in its work. 
- Encourage the development of clean and renewable alternative energy and environmentally friendly sources, to reduce the use of fossil fuels.
- Application of carbon credit system (in English: Carbon Credit System) on pollutants, such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, methane; To reduce the proportion of pollutants allowed in the atmosphere annually.
- Replacement lamps (LED) fluorescent and incandescent lamps, as it is more efficient than fluorescent lamps by 50%, and more efficient than incandescent bulbs by 90%.
Collective solutions to the problem of air pollution
It is possible to solve the problem of air pollution through some collective solutions, such as the following: 
- Create an environment and more places safer to drive bikes: Valdrajat a hand vehicles are not totally dependent on fuel combustion, so it is necessary to develop strategies to encourage vehicle owners to use them to reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides and ozone in the atmosphere, according to some studies, if done by 14% of the total movements using bikes instead of vehicles, the proportion of nitrogen oxides in the air will be reduced to one-third, and will decrease the proportion of traffic congestion in the streets, and will be less harmful air emissions resulting from vehicles.
- Convert public transport to vehicles powered by electricity: Most of the current means of transport diesel works, which contributes to the emission of large proportions of nitrogen oxides and small particles, so some countries are currently working on providing the transport sector hybrid buses diesel and electricity, and is expected to fuel consumption goes down, and emissions by 40%. 
- Convert private transport to vehicles powered by electricity: where more than private gasoline-powered vehicles from the ratio of emissions of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and the trend now is to use vehicles powered by electricity to reduce emissions of these gases. 
- Environmental interventions: it observed that the urban areas more than others suffer from air pollution, as a result of the high number of people within the region, and high traffic density rate, and buildings with towering heights that contribute to the trapping of pollutants and prevent dispersed in the air, so one of the solutions proposed to solve this problem is go to the cultivation of plants that grow vertically, which may reduce NOx ratios to 40%, small particles to 60%; This is because the vegetation provides a surface suitable for the accumulation of pollutants on it, as is the refinery plants to purify the air of some gases such as carbon dioxide, so it is advisable planted in the places that separate the main roads from buildings. 
- Resorting to the use of renewable energy sources: The shift to renewable, such as: energy use of solar energy, wind power, geothermal, groundwater (in English: Geothermal Energy) as an alternative to fossil fuels from the best solutions used to get rid of air pollution. 
- Society adopt new: such as resorting to the habits to use more efficient devices contribute to the reduction of energy consumption. 
- Activating the principle of green buildings: by resorting to the creation of environmentally friendly and efficient buildings that reduce energy use, so as to reduce carbon emissions. 
- The enactment of laws and legislation to reduce pollution: and in the industrialized countries and requiring the use of scrubbers (in English: Scrubber) in all industrial establishments affiliated, responsible for the emission of pollutants into the atmosphere. 
International efforts to reduce the problem of air pollution
Making governments in many countries great efforts to solve the environmental problems they face, such as acid rain problem, global warming, ozone hole, etc., these governments and develop many meaningful plans to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases resulting from various human activities, and these plans are comes: 
- Aichi Convention on Biological Diversity: (English: Aichi Biodiversity Targets), a subsidiary of the Convention on Biological Diversity Convention and is aimed primarily at protecting global biodiversity, and concentrated eighth goal in which the reduction of pollutants, Calcetrh on the proportion of excess nutrients need within levels that do not adversely damage to the system of environmental and biodiversity in 2020.
- The Association of Southeast Asian Nations agreement concerning pollution Hazy transit borders: (English: Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution), and includes 10 countries have agreed among themselves to face problems related to haze pollution, which is transmitted between countries, resulting from fires forest and land. 
- Air remote pollution-range Transboundary: Convention (English: Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution), Acronym (CLRTAP), consisting of 8 protocols to control rates of pollutants in the air, such as sulfur, nitrogen oxide, persistent organic pollutants, volatile organic compounds , ammonia, toxic heavy metals, was the 1999 Protocol (Gothenburg) mode m within these protocols, and provides for the reduction of acid ratios, and nutrient surplus, and ratios near the Earth's surface ozone, in addition to the development of many of the strict control targets sulfur dioxide ratios , nitrogen oxides, and volatile organic compounds, and ammonia.
- EU directives on air quality (in English: European Union Directives for Air Quality), which issued a number of legislation that sets standards and health objectives related to the ratio of atmospheric pollutants, including sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide.
- MARPOL: (English: International Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Ships) Acronym (MARPOL), an international agreement aimed at preventing air marine pollution caused by ships, where select Annex VI where the allowable ratio of emissions of oxides of sulfur oxides and nitrous resulting from ship exhausts and prohibits the extension completely ozone-depleting emissions.
- Air quality strategy of border between the United States and Canada: (English: Canada-U.S. Border Air Quality Strategy), the two countries have completed three projects together, including the establishment of experimental places in the atmosphere to study the effects of air on human health.
- Air Quality Agreement between Canada and the United States of America: (English: U.S.-Canada Air Quality Agreement) and developed in 1991 to monitor air pollution on the border between the two countries, has been added another extension means ozone in 2000 to address smog emissions on the border between the two countries.
Devices used to filter the air of pollutants
There are many devices used in factories, public and private air pollution control and means of transport, contribute to the destruction of pollutants emitted or removed from the exhaust before mixing with the atmosphere, and these devices: 
- Particulate control, and the devices used in that: Mechanical complexes such as: (Dust Cyclones) and (Dust Multi Cyclones). Electric static precipitators (English: Electrostatic Precipitator). Refineries (Baghouses). Wash particles (device English: Particulate Scrubbers).
- Mechanical complexes such as: (Dust Cyclones) and (Dust Multi Cyclones).
- Electric static precipitators (English: Electrostatic Precipitator).
- Refineries (Baghouses).
- Wash particles (device English: Particulate Scrubbers).
- Gas washing machine (in English: Scrubbers), Examples include: Device (Baffle Spray Scrubber). Device (Cyclonic Spray Scrubber). Device (Ejector Venturi Scrubber). Device (Mechanically Aided Scrubber). Device (English: Spray Tower). Wet gas purification (in English: Wet Scrubber). Device
- جهاز (Baffle Spray Scrubber).
- Device (Cyclonic Spray Scrubber).
- Device (Ejector Venturi Scrubber).
- جهاز (Mechanically Aided Scrubber).
- Device (English: Spray Tower).
- Wet gas purification (in English: Wet Scrubber). Device
- Control devices levels of nitrogen oxides, such as: Device (Low NOx Burners). Selective reduction catalysts device (in English: Selective Catalytic Reduction), Acronym (SCR). Device (Selective Non-catalytic Reduction), Acronym (SNCR). Washing nitrogen oxides device (in English: NOx Scrubber). Exhaust gas recycling device (in English: Exhaust Gas Recirculation). Converter Catalytic (in English: Catalytic Converter).
- Device (Low NOx Burners).
- Selective reduction catalysts device (in English: Selective Catalytic Reduction), Acronym (SCR).
- Device (Selective Non-catalytic Reduction), Acronym (SNCR).
- Washing nitrogen oxides device (in English: NOx Scrubber).
- Exhaust gas recycling device (in English: Exhaust Gas Recirculation).
- Converter Catalytic (in English: Catalytic Converter).
- The reduction of volatile organic compounds devices, such as: Adsorption (systems in English: Adsorption Systems), such as active carbon (in English: Activated Carbon). Flares (in English: Flares). Thermal oxidizers (in English: Thermal Oxidizers). Oxidizers stimulus (in English: Catalytic Oxidizers). Biological of filters (in English: Biofilters). Washing absorption. Capacitors refrigerated (English: Cryogenic Condensers). Recycling steam (English systems: Vapor Recovery Systems).
- Adsorption (systems in English: Adsorption Systems), such as active carbon (in English: Activated Carbon).
- Flares (in English: Flares).
- Thermal oxidizers (in English: Thermal Oxidizers).
- Oxidizers stimulus (in English: Catalytic Oxidizers).
- Biological of filters (in English: Biofilters).
- Washing absorption.
- Capacitors refrigerated (English: Cryogenic Condensers).
- Recycling steam (English systems: Vapor Recovery Systems).
- Control of acid gases, sulfur and carbon dioxide, through: Wet gas washing device (in English: Wet Scrubber). Dry gas washing device (English: Dry Scrubber). Desulfurization of flue gas (devices English: Flue Gas Desulfurization).
- Wet gas washing device (in English: Wet Scrubber).
- Dry gas washing device (English: Dry Scrubber).
- Desulfurization of flue gas (devices English: Flue Gas Desulfurization).
- Mercury control devices through: Sorbent injection (technology in English: Sorbent Injection Technology). Althvza oxidation electric (in English: Electro-Catalytic Oxidation) Acronym (ECO).
- Sorbent injection (technology in English: Sorbent Injection Technology).
- Althvza oxidation electric (in English: Electro-Catalytic Oxidation) Acronym (ECO).
- Dioxin Control Devices (Dioxin) and furans (Furan).
- Associated equipment miscellaneous, Examples include: Source capture systems. Monitoring systems of continuous emissions (in English: Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems) Acronym (CEMS).
- Source capture systems.
- Monitoring systems of continuous emissions (in English: Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems) Acronym (CEMS).
Video air pollution
To learn more about air pollution, please follow the video. 
- ↑ Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser (19-11-2019), "Air Pollution"، www.ourworldindata.org, Retrieved 31-3-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "Actions You Can Take to Reduce Air Pollution", www3.epa.gov, Retrieved 31-3-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "What Can I Do to Help Reduce Air Pollution?", www.des.nh.gov, Retrieved 31-3-2020. Edited.
- ^ أ ب "Air Pollution Solutions", www.web.mit.edu, Retrieved 31-3-2020. Edited.
- ^ أ ب ت ث "New solutions to air pollution challenges in the UK", www.imperial.ac.uk, Retrieved 1-4-2020. Edited.
- ^ أ ب ت "How to improve air quality?", www.solarimpulse.com, Retrieved 31-3-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "Clean Air Kids", www.lasp.colorado.edu, Retrieved 31-3-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "Air Pollution", www.epi.envirocenter.yale.edu, Retrieved 15-4-2020. Edited.
- ↑ "Air pollution", www.newworldencyclopedia.org, Retrieved 1-4-2020. Edited.
- ↑ Video air pollution.
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