Is not strange to see the Grand Mosque in Mecca during the great over one thousand four hundred year expansion of operations; Masjid al Haram is the most important mosque for Muslims; It Mahghm, and Matmarham, and the first place of worship, which doubles as wages to a hundred thousand times according to master of humanity Muhammad peace be upon him and am back.
Stages of the expansion of the Holy Mosque
The expansion of the Grand Mosque passed through many stages during the life of Islam, was the first expansion in the reign of the second Caliph Omar ibn al-Khattab may Allah be pleased with him; Where it was during this expansion increase the space after the holy mosque suffered a torrent violently able to uproot the shrine of Abraham Allah exalt his mention of his place, so the Caliph Omar re place to place the original, as the speech son bought some houses around the campus, and its annexation to the Temple and surrounded a wall after that it was an open field.
In the era of Othman bin Affan may Allah be pleased with him, the expansion of the campus more, increasing Alnorin of its area, and enter some of the houses surrounding the courtyard, and his first credited with the introduction of arcades, and marble columns to the holy mosque.
During the reign of Abdullah ibn al-Zubayr may Allah be pleased with him, it was rebuilt after the Kaaba burned because of political conflicts. In the era of Abdul-Malik al-Walid, the expansion of the Grand Mosque for the fourth time in the history of the Muslims; Where Zaid in the area, and introduced the Syrian and Egyptian columns to him, it was the construction of balconies in order to protect worshipers from the sun's heat and flames.
The Abu Jaafar Al-Mansour after expanding the corner Shami, and the construction of a lighthouse in both the western and northern pillars of the Grand Mosque, and paving stone Ismail, may Allah be pleased with him, and to cover the well of Zamzam what is appropriate. In the reign of Caliph Mu'tadid in God, it has been demolished house seminar; Where he turned into a gallery in the mosque, and established internal and external doors, and built the columns, and the mosque became a roofed teak. There has also been an increase in the area with an area of Peten Lady Zubaydah in the reign of God Muqtadir.
In modern times, there have been several improvements and upgrades; In the reign of King Abdul Aziz, it became the Grand Mosque private official body supervised by him, as he fully maintained by, and tiling the distance between each of Safa and Marwa, and the installation of awnings that protect both entered the holy mosque from the sun, and the renewal of lamps, cool new fans.
In the reign of King Saud it has many developments, which occurred; Open street cars pass it behind Safa, also established a private building Zamzam, and built several floors with expansion in the day, and removed several buildings were narrowed on Muslims while performing rituals. When King Fahd received rule, increased in total area, and the number of minarets in his time, too, and add a new building on the campus includes three floors, as improved cooling system; Where it became a central system, in addition to many other improvements. In the reign of King Abdullah occurred expansion is still under implementation; As it includes all the different areas of the campus and its facilities; Where it can be expanded campus after expansion to two million worshipers almost.
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