Technical characteristics of the pre-Islamic poetry

Technical characteristics of the pre-Islamic poetry


  • 1 History of Arabic Literature
  • 2 Definition of Pre-Islamic Literature
  • 3 Date of Pre-Islamic Poetry
  • 4 Technical characteristics of the pre-Islamic poetry 4.1 characteristics of the pre-Islamic poetry verbal 4.2 Characteristics Pre-Islamic Poetry Moral
  • 4.1 characteristics of the pre-Islamic poetry verbal
  • 4.2 Characteristics Pre-Islamic Poetry Moral
  • 5 Pre-Islamic Poetry Arts
  • 6 Building poem of ignorance
  • 7 months poets ignorance
  • 8 References

The history of Arabic literature

Arabic literature of the most distinguished and Literature extends for a period of time is too long; It starts before the advent of Islam. Arabic literature is characterized by much of the technical characteristics, and an abundance of literature in various fields, historians have agreed to divide it into five sections according to the period of time, which is as follows: [1]

  • Pre-Islamic era.
  • Islamic era since the mission of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him to the end of the era of the Umayyad state.
  • Abbasid era, which runs about a hundred years.
  • Era after the Abbasid, which begins since the fall of Baghdad, however, the Tatars in 1258 to the start of the French campaign in Egypt in 1798.
  • The modern era, which extends to the present days.

Definition of Pre-Islamic Literature

Pre-Islamic Literature is literature attributed to the Arabs who lived in the Arabian Peninsula before the advent of Islam, and literature is an expression of a person passionate about feeling eloquently to excite the reader and the listener, and the number of writers often ignorant; As a result of the presence of a large number of tribes in the Arabian Peninsula and Tfajrha Bodbaiha dramatically, so there is a lot of literature and literary productions for them. [2]

Date of Pre-Islamic Poetry

Poetry is defined as the word of metrical rhymed, ie his rhyme ends the verses of poems, and the history of pre-Islamic poetry has a history very old and can not see who is the person who first organized poem in the history of the lack of sources documenting this incident, but there are indications that that it paved the way and began poetry in the pre-Islamic era is a man measuring [3] beta systems when he said:

Crookedness on Tll transferor because we

Characterized by hair Gahliv as lyric poetry depicting the attention of the person portraying his character, and his psyche, and feelings of love and envy and grabbing power, and do not contain pre-Islamic poetry or nonfiction representative listed with it; Because of some of the factors surrounding the poets at that time, including: Pure nature surrounding them, and the fanaticism of the tribe, frequent wars, the great pride eloquently the hair that is said in the right or in the right of their tribes. [4]

Technical characteristics of the pre-Islamic poetry

Pre-Islamic Poetry is characterized by technical characteristics and purposes; It contains many of the qualities and characteristics because of his eloquence and accuracy of description, the beauty and the meanings of words and depth, and its characteristics:

Pre-Islamic Poetry characteristics of verbal

Without poetry ignorance of words and phrases Alagamah strange for Arabic language circulating, and pre-Islamic poetry drafted clear, and his words is incomplete or there is the deficit, Among those who denounced it possible to judge the poet for years to systems and one poem even appear refined as most pre-Islamic poetry, which is characterized by the highest degree of sophistication and perfection of verbal formula brilliant. [5]

Poets Gahleon adept at retail weights to make a poetry carries a lot of sweetness music and melody, and Astaano a lot of upgraders verbal and moral in their poetry, were in their hair do not describe anything except they linking including equivalents and like it, and also used Metaphors tools and declarative, and they added a lot of alliteration and counterpoint to their poems, and the poet presents his hair on the members of his tribe so that he can find out what is missing and is modified, so the lengthy poems lasted for years until she attended, such as the Annals of Zuhair bin Abi Salma. [6]

Pre-Islamic Poetry moral characteristics

Pre-Islamic Poetry is often devoid of exaggeration and complexity, and the advantage of clearly meanings and simplicity and lack of affectation, and depends on the unity of the House of Poetry, not the hair poem complete, as extracted from the nature of the Bedouin and the environment that was experienced by the poets ignorant in that time period. Best known poets in the pre-Islamic era as their lives, their personalities and natures are clear, accurate and honest; He wants to recognize the life of a poet of ignorance he first reads his poems to know the details of his life dramatically, it's no wonder that the poems of ignorance contain the courage of enemies described Mnaqubhm in the war, and to recognize the defeat of the people of the owner of the poem, and these poems know Mouncefat.

Characterized by pre-Islamic poetry Bal_husah high derived from the fact sensuous ocean poets in that era, so they describe things and accidents are very honest and frank, and was poetry dominated by movement and a lot of vitality, and most of the poems are containing a lot of ideas and meanings and themes, every house in the poem is acquainted himself only. [7]

Pre-Islamic Poetry Arts

The advantage of pre-Islamic poetry in abundance and arts purposes, and usually includes a poem kind or more of the arts within the purest and most famous of these arts when poets ignorant: [8]

  • Pride and enthusiasm: He felt very close to the hair of praise, but it differs in that regard to certain things, Kalnsb, tribe, and victories, heroic attitudes in the wars.
  • Spelling: emerged spelling in the pre-Islamic poetry in periods of wars and conflicts, but it was satire honest without resorting to insults or verbal abuse, and spelling in ignorance is to humiliate Almhjo and lose his rank, and stripped of all good qualities, and be by irony and hint indirect often.
  • Spinning: It is one of the most common characteristics in the pre-Islamic poetry, famous for spinning ignorant attachment to the poet of women because of their great effect in his life, and the characteristics of the yarn found in the pre-Islamic poetry is a recipe for beauty and femininity and charms the woman's body, or in the description of the torment that solving the poet when his emigration sweetheart, and the effects of this event on his life and his psyche and personality. Spinning divides into two parts: spinning parthenogenesis, which sings the love of women and beauty without mentioning her body for feminine attractions, obscene and spinning, which describes the woman's body in detail and accurately, and often contain words exaggerated when describing women.
  • Description: poets Gahleon who lived through the desert in their travel and movement, and visited the desolate places and the content of the mountains, water, pets and pets, They described it all because it is closely related to their lives, and the description of the wider doors in the hair and the most prevalent.
  • Complimenting: In the pre-Islamic era were moral values ​​and good qualities Kaladl, virility, courage, generosity and wisdom of the mind spread dramatically, and the hair of the most ways common to sing these qualities and praising, and make them more widespread and knowledge, and it has two types: one is to make money by poetry written in praise of kings, princes, and the rich, and the second is the hair that comes from sincere love and heart in praise of persons or qualities that deserve praise in the eyes of the poet.
  • Self-pity: It's like poetry in praise mentioned good qualities, but little praise qualities of the living person. Lamenting mentions the virtues and qualities of the deceased person, usually a fixed target and meaning, and be a matter of the heart because the loss is not a trivial self calamity.
  • Wisdom: spread wisdom among poets ignorant because of their surrounding nature, social, economic and political conditions in which they lived, and often have felt the wisdom is the result of the many experiences of the poet in his life, and the lessons learned from the situations and problems experienced by, the way of dealing with society and individuals.

Building poem of ignorance

The poem ignorance usually begins with the opening lines paving said after coming in the rest of the verses of the poem, and were more editorials poems ignorance usually revolve around the absence of the beloved and its impact on the same poet, crying on the ruins, he said wine, young and graying, recipes beloved and beauty. Characterized by ignorance of the poems display ideas sequentially and logical; Each house linked to his idea and content of the house before, either visibly or are invisible for the reader. [9]

Famous poets of ignorance

Poets of ignorance are considered role models and origin in poetry what distinguished themselves by the eloquence and eloquence and splendor in the verses of poetry in the poems will never forget, and most famously: [10]

  • Man measuring: Among the most famous poems are hanging entitled: occiput WNBC from the memory of Habib's house. [11]
  • Nabigha Alvebana: it has a lot of poems in full poems, one of the owners of pendants.
  • Zuhair bin Abi Salma was known poet of wisdom and peace, because it contained his poems of wisdom, one of the owners of pendants too.
  • TFB: hanging him entitled: let the kitten behind trekked. [12]


  • ↑ D.hawki Guest, History of Arabic Literature (Eleventh Edition), p. 14. Adapted.
  • ↑ Ali Soldier (1991), in the history of pre-Islamic literature, page 109.
  • ↑ d. Yahya Joy (1986), pre-Islamic poetry - its characteristics and arts (fifth edition), page 129. Adapted.
  • ↑ Ali Soldier (1991), in the history of pre-Islamic literature, page 276. Adapted.
  • ↑ Ahmed Shawki Abdul Salam, the history of Arabic literature, the pre-Islamic era, page 226. Adapted.
  • ↑ Ahmed Shawki Abdel Salam, the history of Arabic literature pre-Islamic era, page 226-231. Adapted.
  • ↑ Ahmed Shawki Abdul Salam, the history of Arabic literature, the pre-Islamic era, page 219-225. Adapted.
  • ↑ Mahmoud Fakhoury, "Arabic literature in the pre-Islamic era", Arabic Encyclopedia, see it on 12/01/2016. Adapted.
  • ↑ Ali Soldier (1991), in the history of pre-Islamic literature, page 286. Adapted.
  • ↑ D.hawki guest, the history of Arabic literature, page 232-365. Adapted.
  • ↑ Literature, "the anniversary of the cease-WNBC Habib house (hanging)", literature, see it on 12/01/2016.
  • ↑ Literature, "and let the kitten behind trekked, (hanging)", literature, see it on 12/01/2016. Adapted.


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