The causes of esophageal cancer and prevention methods

The causes of esophageal cancer and prevention methods


  • 1 esophageal cancer
  • 2 causes of esophageal cancer
  • 3 methods of prevention of esophageal cancer
  • Video 4 for measuring the percentage of acidity in the esophagus
  • 5 References

Esophageal cancer

The esophagus tube intramuscularly connects the mouth and stomach, and a length of approximately 20-25 cm, while ranging in width between 2-3 cm, and can be exposed to this esophageal cancer, known case of esophageal cancer (in English: Esophageal Cancer), and although the availability of several types of esophageal cancer, the most common type of esophageal cancer is common, are: squamous cell (cancer English: squamous cell carcinoma) glandular and carcinoma or convicted carcinoma (English: Adenocarcinoma), and despite the likelihood of the emergence of these tumors in any part of the esophagus , but the cancer cell squamous usually affects the upper part of the esophagus, while infecting adenocarcinoma or Ladino carcinoma (English: Adenocarcinoma) is usually the bottom of it. [1]

The causes of esophageal cancer

Cancer occurs the esophagus as a result of a genetic mutation in the genetic material for cells of the esophagus, and this mutation push esophageal cells to divide and grow abnormally and are beyond the body's control, and continuously these cells to grow and divide quickly show a tumor in the esophagus, and then begins this tumor to spread and move to parts adjacent and possibly parts distant in the body, and in fact there is to now a specific reason causing this mutation to occur and suffering from esophageal cancer, but it is believed that there is a range of factors that increase the chance of suffering from this cancer, and can be summed up the most important of these factors as follows: [2]

  • The incidence of health problem known as gastro esophageal reflux (in English: gastroesophageal reflux disease) and Acronym GERD.
  • Smoking.
  • Suffering from obesity.
  • Drinking alcohol.
  • Suffering from the problem of bile reflux.
  • Injury problem achalasia (in English: Achalasia), and the ability of non-muscle sphincter of the esophagus to relax on the face is required, which is causing the suffering of the injured difficulty swallowing.
  • Hot drinks routinely continuously.
  • Not to eat vegetables and fruits in sufficient quantities.
  • Barrett or injury Bmre Barrett metaplasia (in English: Barrett Metaplasia), The emergence of this case are transformed cells into cancerous cells.
  • Undergo radiation therapy (in English: Radiation Therapy) in the chest area or the upper part of the abdomen.

Methods of prevention of esophageal cancer

In fact, we can not prevent all types of esophageal cancer, but there are some adjustments that can be made to the lifestyle to reduce the risk of cancers of the esophagus dramatically, and recall of these procedures as follows: [3] [4]

  • Care to eat healthy food: especially food rich in vegetables and fruits, studies have shown that this role is effective in reducing the risk of esophageal cancer.
  • Treatment of reflux gastro-esophageal: as the treatment of this problem will reduce the chance of injury Bmre Barrett, thus reducing the risk of suffering from esophageal cancer, and treatment options that are given to control the problem of reflux gastro-esophageal: proton pump inhibitors (in English: Proton Pump Inhibitors), and the pharmaceutical options for this group: esomeprazole (in English: Esomeprazole), and Anzubrasul (in English: Lansoprazole), and omeprazole (in English: omeprazole). In addition, the doctor can specialist surgical options in the resort if the pharmaceutical options are ineffective.
  • Control of the problem of Barrett's esophagus: It is worth the injured in this case, to undergo tests periodically by a specialist doctor to monitor the situation and development, including the emergence of more of the esophagus abnormal cells, and pharmaceutical options that resorted to in the event of suffering from this problem: inhibitors of proton pump; It turns out that the intake of this group of medicines on a daily basis reduces the risk of esophageal cells turning cancerous cells. It should be pointed out that there are some allegations about the effectiveness of the drug aspirin and other pain relievers that follow the group's drug known as anti-inflammatory Allastroydah reduce the risk of esophageal cancer, but even though there is some evidence to support it, but the risks of taking these medications causing daily suffering of the affected kidney problems in addition to the level of probability of exposure to stomach bleeding, and it must discuss the matter with the concerned doctor and study the risks versus benefits, and then take the appropriate decision. And speak the same applies to the pharmaceutical group known statin (in English: Statins); Despite its effectiveness in reducing the risk of suffering from esophageal cancer, but their use entails suffering from many side effects.
  • To refrain from drinking alcohol and smoking: as if both of these factors sponsor an increased risk of esophageal times and times cancer, and in the event of a meeting working together, it becomes very bad, it has been shown that drinking alcohol and smoking more factors have caused an increased risk of esophageal cancer in the United States .
  • Lose excess weight: because obesity can cause an increased risk of suffering from flashbacks, in addition to increasing the likelihood of infection caused by Bafattq phrenic (in English: Hiatus hernia), and these factors are enough to increase the risk of esophageal cancer.
  • Not to lie down after eating: what more so recommended for people with reflux; As these patients suffer from the acidity of the stomach contents reflux into the esophagus if Astelqaihm or sleep immediately after eating, and this is what matters worse, here it is advisable to wait for several hours before going to sleep.

Video for measuring the percentage of acidity in the esophagus

To learn more information about the esophagus Watch this video. [5]


  • ↑ "Esophageal Cancer",, Retrieved October 27, 2018. Edited.
  • ↑ "Esophageal cancer",, Retrieved October 27, 2018. Edited.
  • ↑ "Prevention",, Retrieved October 27, 2018. Edited.
  • ↑ "Can Esophageal Cancer Be Prevented?",, Retrieved October 27, 2018. Edited.
  • ↑ Video for measuring pH in the esophagus.


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