- 1 The concept of Psychology
- 2 Schools Psychology
- 3 concept of Cognitive Psychology
- 4 fields of cognitive psychology 4.1 Perception 4.2 Brain Science 4.3 pattern recognition 4.4 Memory 4.5 Knowledge Representation 4.6 of imagination or mental perception 4.7 Language 4.8 Problem Solving
- 4.1 Perception
- 4.2 Brain Science
- 4.3 pattern recognition
- 4.4 Memory
- 4.5 Knowledge Representation
- 4.6 of imagination or mental perception
- 4.7 Language
- 4.8 Problem Solving
- 5 References
The concept of Psychology
Psychology is just like any other other social sciences where multiple areas of study in which subjects diverge; Where there are a lot of cross-cutting sections of psychology because it has become difficult for psychologists interpret multiple human behavior trends through only one theory, or through one direction myself; Therefore, the types and a variety of sections has emerged psychology; So concerned with the behavior of each particular section of human behaviors, he explained and addressed.
The goal of psychologists to discuss and study the behavioral patterns of different exercise rights, they care about these patterns and interpret, and this can not be achieved by relying on the interpretation of one to understand all patterns of human behavior, and its interpretation, and with these many bifurcations has been made aware of success psychology and progress in several areas.
Despite the successes and special developments caused by the psychology in the interpretation and study many of the phenomena of psychological, social, but it remained a lot of them need to be more in-depth explanations, more than a statement and an explanation, and linked with reality, and the potential human, different circumstances, due to the limitations of psychology in solving problems some of these phenomena, and its inability to give a logical explanation and the exact phenomenon of what psychologists found that it is good and useful, there are several directions, different theories concerned with the trend of various psychological phenomena; Each theory can address a particular aspect or particular phenomenon. 
Numerous schools of psychology, and a variety of trends that are interested in, thus leading to many theories and explanations that each of them is interested in a certain direction from many directions, focusing on a topic to be studied, and depth it carefully, so that the student psychology depth, and strict interpretation of the phenomena surrounding it had to be the emergence of psychology topics that carry specific addresses fit phenomena that are studied and analyzed in each of these subjects, appeared to social psychology, and educational psychology, psychology industrial, and clinical psychology, and cognitive psychology. [1 ]
The concept of cognitive psychology
Cognitive psychology speaks about how the human gain information about the ocean world in a scientific way, and how to convert this information that has to science and knowledge can be exploited and utilized to change his life, and evaluate his behavior. Cognitive psychology surrounds the various psychological processes; Such as science nervous, attention, memory, sensation, cognition, intelligence, emotions, thinking, perception and mental, and other processes that are relevant to the human mind, and the nature of his thinking, and thus intellectual growth.
Both Drnaldnorman and David Mihart says: (We the psychology of cognitive scientists care about a wide field trying to answer the following questions: How do people realize? And how are represented? How remember? And how knowledge employed?). 
Known to facilitate cognitive psychology that: all methods and processes carried out by the human to transmit information and sensory input, and then processed the explanation and the conversion and the shortcut, the latest storage to be restored later and used when it is needed, and this definition shows the work of cognitive psychology, which all mechanism human mental processes, conducted by the human receiving information, processing, storage and retrieval method, and their use in guiding the process of human activity.
He knew Reed cognitive psychology as a science called the science of information processing,  The studies and research conducted in cognitive science reflected a great development, and broad, and these studies the most prominent and most important cognitive psychology studies, which has spread its applications, and appeared important in science different, emerged in educational sciences, psychological and clearly, and what is contained in these science curricula and teaching methods, and special education, mental health, mental, individual differences, and others. 
Fields of cognitive psychology
Cognitive Psychology contains many theories, techniques and methods that are use in the analysis and interpretation of the processes of mental phenomena in humans, and these theories derived from twelve area are accredited key areas of scientific research, and the most important:
Is one of the most important topics of psychology because he cares to disclose sensory stimuli in humans and thus interpret and her statement. 
There is cooperation between Almarafaan psychologists in their study, scientists study the brain and nerves; All of them need to hand the other in the interpretation of some of the notes to their findings. 
Human life and the events and the course is only a set of environmental stimuli sensory integrated, form a pattern one, consistent, although human thought to be a separate partial events. 
Memory is a set of mental processes carried out by the human, which is the acquisition of external information, and keep them, until they are used in the future, and functions of the human many need two mentalities are working together to be able to do these functions are: memory, cognition, and when receiving human information new, conducting what dialogue it retains information for a short period of time, and that the so-called temporary memory, or short-term memory, and then the information is transmitted to the permanent memory, or called long-term memory. 
Is the process of extracting data and information from sensory experiences, enter and organize, and add them to previously stored in the memory; Every individual receives what in the environment around it triggers a special way it makes it different from others, there is no total mismatch occurs in the metabolism of individuals, but they exist to some extent the degree of similarity in the representation of some of the environmental vocabulary, which helps man to live with others. 
Imagination or perception of mental
Is a form of cognitive representation; Where man is some of the mental images, maps of knowledge of things encountered in his life, Kalmnazer streets, buildings, places, events, and through these images and maps that has become able to call parameters and events sequential format of a particular order, and then convert them into words and words used if He wanted to describe to someone else. 
Language is the most important thing in the cognitive psychology of the subjects, which consists of acts and the names and characters, clips and sounds; Man when he speaks is a process connected with others, it would be need to use what has dictionary vocabulary that stores them, this process is associated with some of the responses of motor acts or physical so clear information to be explained and delivered to the future person in one. 
Often human is exposed to many problems in his life, these problems require him to find the right solution to it, and the mechanism used by man in problem solving that encountered is what we call a mental process, carried out by the human in order to reach an appropriate solution that was not for him clear before, this requires man to take certain actions, to be used, and the person to reach what he wants. 
- ^ A b Anwar Mohammed Cherkaoui (2003), Cognitive Psychology contemporary (second edition), Cairo: Egyptian Anglo Library, Page 4-5, Part 1. Adapted.
- ↑ Robert Saulsso (2000), Cognitive Psychology (Second Edition), Cairo: Egyptian Anglo Library, page 5, Part 1. Adapted.
- ↑ Rafi advocate Zghoul Imad Zghoul, Cognitive Psychology (first edition), page 11-12, Part 1. Adapted.
- ↑ Fathi al-Zayat (2001), Cognitive Psychology (First Edition), Egypt: Publishing House universities, page 10, part 1. Adapted.
- ^ A b Robert T. Saulsso (2000), Cognitive Psychology (Second Edition), Cairo: Egyptian Anglo Library, page 41-44, part 1. Adapted.
- ^ A b c t w Rafi Zghoul, Imad Zghoul, Cognitive Psychology (first edition), page 20-21, part 1.
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