The Ottoman Empire was created in 1299 AD, and attributed to Osman bin Ortgol, and had its beginnings around the area ascii month cut it down for them Seljuk Sultan Aladdin that, Osman took the expansion, taking advantage of the chaos that prevailed in the region of Anatolia and the Byzantine state. And continued after his son Sultan Orkhan expansion policy, where the land was divided between the conquerors evacuated; To connect them, and delivers an exemption from disclosure of the people from paying tribute.
The Sultan Mehmet II (the Conqueror), the greatest Ottoman sultans, and author of the foundations of the Ottoman Empire, as it was able to open Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire in 1453, and earned him so light title, and then around to the capital of the state, and called Islam Paul (Istanbul name today), any city Peace. After his death, she took the throne of his son Bayezid II, who took the hard road and build bridges, and follow an external list policy on diplomacy and peace, while marked by the end of his rule increased the dispute with the Mamluk state, and the violent conflict between his sons on the power, even forced his son Selim I to give up the throne in 1512 m.
This period was marked by the adoption of the Ottoman state rather than a European character oriental; Because most of the expansion was towards the west, the rapid increase in the population; Because of the policy of tolerance, justice and carrots followed by the Ottomans with the Christian parishes, as well as to follow the principles of Islamic Sharia law in all aspects of life.
Ottoman rule of the Arab nation
Sultan Selim I Safavid state attacked Vhzmha in the battle of chaldiran in 1514, and located on the Turkish-Iranian border, where he was able to control the eastern border and part of the northern border of Iraq and part of Azerbaijan, it was the first beginnings in the conquests, and then went to the Mamluk state and met with Mamluk Sultan Qansouh Ghouri in the battle of Marj glutinous in 1516, to the north of the city of Aleppo, and it was the results of the battle to enter the Levant under the rule of the Ottomans, as their victory in this battle due to the use of gunpowder and artillery while Mamluks relied on equestrian, and a betrayal of some of the princes of the Mamluk Sultan Qansouh of Gori, and their withdrawal during the battle.
Ottoman Sultan entered Selim I after the city of Jerusalem, and prayed at the Al-Aqsa Mosque, and then went to Egypt to eliminate the political influence of the Mamluks, where he defeated them in the battle Raydaniyyah in 1517. State continued Ottoman control over the rest of the countries in the Arab world that reached the Hijaz and took control of it peacefully, Yemen and Iraq. In North Africa Algeria it was the first country came under Ottoman rule, followed by Libya, and Tunisia, while remained Marrakech (Morocco now) independent under the rule of Ashraf Saadi, was not subject to the Ottomans.
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